Race, Crime, and Punishment Just as conscious and unconscious racial notions helped define the drug problem, they have also helped shape political and policy responses to that problem. The legislative history of federal crack sentencing laws, for example, provides reason "to suspect that regardless of the objectives Congress was pursuing, it would have shown more restraint in fashioning the crack penalties or more interest in amending them in ensuing years, if the penalties did not apply almost exclusively to blacks. Politicians have been able to reap the electoral rewards of endorsing harsh drug policies because the group that suffered most from those policies-black Americans-lacked the numbers to use the political process to secure a different strategy.
The official projection, released Wednesday by the Census Bureau, now places the tipping point for the white majority a year later than previous estimates, which were made before the impact of the recent economic downturn was fully known.
America continues to grow and become more diverse due to higher birth rates among minorities, particularly for Hispanics who entered the U. Since the mid housing bust, however, the arrival of millions of new immigrants from Mexico and other nations has slowed from its once-torrid pace.
There are social and economic ramifications, as well. Longstanding fights over civil rights and racial equality are going in new directions, promising to reshape race relations and common notions of being a "minority. Residential segregation has eased and intermarriage for first- and second-generation Hispanics and Asians is on the rise, blurring racial and ethnic lines and lifting the numbers of people who identify as multiracial.
Unpublished census data show that millions of people shunned standard race categories such as black or white on government forms, opting to write in their own cultural or individual identities.
Bymultiracial people are projected to more than triple, from 7. The non-Hispanic white population, now at Four years after that, racial and ethnic minorities will become a majority among adults and wield an even greater impact on the "youth vote" in presidential elections, census projects.
As recently aswhites made up 85 percent of the U. Bythe percentage of U. With the white baby-boomer population now leaving the work force, the big challenge will be educating the new immigrants, he said.
According to the projections released Wednesday, the U. The population will hit By then, whites will drop to 43 percent of the U. Blacks will make up Hispanics, currently 17 percent of the population, will more than double in absolute number, making up 31 percent, or nearly 1 in 3 residents, according to the projections.
Asians are expected to increase from 5 percent of the population to 8 percent.
Among children, the point when minorities become the majority is expected to arrive much sooner, in Last year, racial and ethnic minorities became a majority among babies under age 1 for the first time in U. At the same time, the U. Byroughly 1 in 5 residents will be 65 and older.
Republicans have been seeking to broaden their appeal to minorities, who made up 28 percent of the electorate this year, after faring poorly among non-whites on Election Day, when Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney carried only about 20 percent of non-white votes.
The race and ethnic changes are already seen in pockets of the U. Last month, nearly all voters over age 65 were white 87 percentbut among voters under age 30, just 58 percent were white. Frey, a demographer at the Brookings Institution.
It is in the child and early labor force ages where we must be ready for the greatest changes as new American minorities take over for aging whites.
The combined population of more-developed countries other than the U. Depending on future rates of immigration, the U. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.People have been enumerated by race in every United States Census since the first one in Collection of data on race and ethnicity in the United States Census has changed over time, including addition of new enumeration categories and changes in definitions of those categories.
What actually constitutes slavery is a point of heated debate among historians, since even slaves had loosely defined ranks and varying degrees of privileges. A norovirus outbreak has spread across evacuation shelters for the Camp Fire in California as smoke decreases the air quality to hazardous.
Get the latest international news and world events from Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and more. See world news photos and videos at attheheels.com The 'Great Emancipator' and the Issue of Race. Abraham Lincoln's Program of Black Resettlement. By Robert Morgan. Many Americans think of Abraham Lincoln, . In most locations throughout U.S. history Whites have been the dominant racial group. Although their ethnicity varied, this was the race that has been in the majority. The most common ancestral background of White Americans is German%(13).
My President Was Black. A history of the first African American White House—and of what came next. Get the latest international news and world events from Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and more.
See world news photos and videos at attheheels.com Jul 06, · Update: Throughout most of U.S. history in most locations, what race has been the majority? What is the common ancestral background of most members of this group? What is the common ancestral background of most members of this group?Status: Resolved.