Sources of abuses in the administrative system in the philippines during 19th century

Terminology[ edit ] In South Koreathe period is usually described as the "Japanese forced occupation" Hangul: Other terms include "Japanese Imperial Period" Hangul: Ilje Sidae"period of the Japanese imperial colonial administration" Hangul:

Sources of abuses in the administrative system in the philippines during 19th century

Administered over a barangay of 40 to 50 families Collected tribute in the barangay Position was originally hereditary among the local elites of the pre-colonial period Position was made elective in ; the gobernadorcillo and other cabezas chose a name and presented it to the Governor General for appointment to the position in a specific barangay.

After three years of service, a cabeza was qualified for election to the office of the gobernadorcillo. Political system[ edit ] Fort San Pedro was first of many fortresses to protect the islands from invaders such as pirates and other colonizers.

The Spanish quickly organized their new colony according to their model. The first task was the reduction, or relocation of native inhabitants into settlements. The earliest political system used during the conquista period was the encomienda system, which resembled the feudal system in medieval Europe.

Cultural milieu

The conquistadores, friars and native nobles were granted estates, in exchange for their services to the King, and were given the privilege to collect tribute from its inhabitants. In return, the person granted the encomienda, known as an encomendero, was tasked to provide military protection to the inhabitants, justice and governance.

In times of war, the encomendero was duty bound to provide soldiers for the King, in particular, for the complete defense of the colony from invaders such as the DutchBritish and Chinese.

The encomienda system was abused by encomenderos and by was largely replaced by administrative provinces, each headed by an alcalde mayor provincial governor [21] The most prominent feature of Spanish cities was the plaza, a central area for town activities such as the fiesta, and where government buildings, the church, a market area and other infrastructures were located.

Residential areas lay around the plaza. During the conquista, the first task of colonization was the reduction, or relocation of the indigenous population into settlements surrounding the plaza. With the seat of power in Intramuros, Manilathe Governor-General was given several duties: His yearly salary was 40, pesos.

Sources of abuses in the administrative system in the philippines during 19th century

The Governor-General was commonly a peninsular Spaniarda Spaniard born in Spain, to ensure loyalty of the colony to the crown or tiara. Philippine map Main article: Provinces of the Philippines On the local level, heading the pacified provinces alcaldiawas the provincial governor alcalde mayor.

Sources of abuses in the administrative system in the philippines during 19th century

The unpacified military zones corregimientosuch as Mariveles and Mindorowere headed by the corregidores. City governments ayuntamientoswere also headed by an alcalde mayor. Alcalde mayors and corregidores exercised multiple prerogatives as judge, inspector of encomiendas, chief of police, tribute collector, capitan-general of the province and even vice-regal patron.

His annual salary ranged from P to P before and P to P after it. But this can be augmented through the special privilege of "indulto de commercio" where all people were forced to do business with him. The alcalde mayor was usually an Insulares Spaniard born in the Philippines.

Municipal government[ edit ] The pueblo or town is headed by the Gobernadorcillo or little governor. Among his administrative duties were the preparation of the tribute list padronrecruitment and distribution of men for draft labor, communal public work and military conscription quintopostal clerk and judge in minor civil suits.

He intervened in all administrative cases pertaining to his town: His annual salary, however, was only P24 but he was exempted from taxation. Any native or Chinese mestizo, 25 years old, proficient in oral or written Spanish and has been a cabeza de barangay of 4 years can be a gobernadorcillo.

Barangay Every barangay was further divided into "barrios", and the barrio government village or district rested on the barrio administrator cabeza de barangay.

He was responsible for peace and order and recruited men for communal public works.Fish, Shirley (), When Britain ruled the Philippines, the story of the 18th century British invasion of the Philippines during the Seven Years' War, 1stBooks Library, ISBN , ISBN , ISBN Jun 30,  · Furthermore, the fast tempo of economic progress in the Philippines during the 19 th century facilitated by Industrial Revolution resulted to the rise to a new breed of rich and influential Filipino middle class.

During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, U.S foreign policy was closely tied to domestic economic concerns. The annexaction of Hawaii, the Open Door Policy with China, and the construction of the Panama canal in Latin America were all motivated by an interest in. Korea under Japanese rule began with the end of the short-lived Korean Empire in and ended at the conclusion of World War II in Japanese rule over Korea was the outcome of a process that began with the Japan–Korea Treaty of , whereby a complex coalition of the Meiji government, military, and business officials sought to .

Cultural life

Rizal in the 19th Century Philippines 1. Spain and the Philippines in the 19th Century 2. Political Instability in Spain Canovite system/ rotativism 3. Abandonment of Mercantilism laissez-faire policy Encomienda System 4. Social Structure Administrative Organization Educational System 5.

Spain and the Philippines In the 19th Century by lyzel navarro on Prezi

The United States of America—also referred to as the United States, the USA, the U.S., America, or (archaically) Columbia–is a federal republic of 50 states and the District of Columbia. Each of the 50 states has a high level of local autonomy under the system of federalism.

The United States was born as a nation with the Declaration of .

United States - New World Encyclopedia