What is intermittent fasting? The goal is to create conditions of fasting in the body, but not for extreme lengths of time. Some examples of intermittent fast strategies include 10, 8, or 5 hour eating windows throughout the day, or perhaps eating just two meals each day:
Two studies were scored as high quality. Methodological quality scores were particularly low for the reliability and validity of the measurement instruments.
Based on the results of the best-evidence synthesis, we found evidence of a significant longitudinal positive relationship between physical activity and academic performance.
Because we found only 2 high-quality studies, future high-quality studies are needed to confirm our findings. These studies should thoroughly examine the dose-response relationship between physical activity and academic performance as well as explanatory mechanisms for this relationship.
Physical activity and sports are generally promoted for their positive effect on children's physical health; regular participation in physical activity in childhood is associated with a decreased cardiovascular risk in youth and adulthood.
There are several hypothesized mechanisms for why exercise is beneficial for cognition, including 1 increased blood and oxygen flow to the brain 3 ; 2 increased levels of norepinephrine and endorphins, 45 resulting in a reduction of stress and an improvement of mood 6 ; and 3 increased growth factors that help to create new nerve cells and support synaptic plasticity.
Although schools are able to offer unique opportunities for structured physical activity for children, there is a tendency to cut back physical education lessons. The increasing pressures to improve academic scores often lead to additional instructional time for subjects such as mathematics and language at the cost of time for being physically active.
Given the suggested relationship and the ongoing discussions on the replacement of physical education lessons by academic subjects, we aimed to review the evidence on the longitudinal relationship between these 2 variables. Two previous reviews 910 have studied the influence of physical activity on academic performance.
Trudeau and Shephard 9 present an overview of the literature on the relationship between physical activity in the school setting and several outcome measures, including academic performance. Based on quasi-experimental data, they report that physical education programs demand a substantial reduction in time allocated for academic tuition.
Because the children's academic performance did not change, they conclude that learning efficiency had improved. Furthermore, Trudeau and Shephard report that cross-sectional studies generally indicate a positive association between physical activity and academic achievement.
The review by Taras 10 argues that there may be some acute beneficial effects of physical activity, but the long-term improvement of academic achievement is not well established.
Taras concludes that the acute cognitive benefits of physical activity may adequately compensate for time spent away from academic areas. To summarize, the literature provides inconclusive evidence on the positive longitudinal relationship between physical activity and academic performance.
However, there is a strong general belief that this relationship is present, and research in this area is ongoing. No systematic review with the specific focus on the longitudinal relationship between general physical activity and academic performance has been performed.
Therefore, we present in this article the results of a systematic review of the literature, examining this longitudinal relationship. We include only prospective data and take into account the methodological quality of the studies.Maria Bielikova, Eelco Herder, Federica Cena and Michel Desmarais Adjunct Publication of the 25th Conference UMAP '17 Bratislava, Slovakia Adjunct Publication of the 25th Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization - UMAP '17 User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization ACM Press New York, New York, USA, ().
CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES This chapter included relevant sources of information from foreign literature, local literature, foreign studies and local studies which tackle the existing activities that promote good study habits.
Related Literature of Study Habits Essay. CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE The review of related literature of this study identifies how fear and interest, together with the students’ study habits can affect their performance in various subject matters, specifically, mathematics. Fish oil is a general health supplement, and is taken as a source of omega-3 fats. It has large effects on biomarkers such as triglycerides, but does not seem to affect clinical endpoints, such as . Context: Continuous delivery is a software development discipline in which software is always kept releasable. The literature contains instructions on how to adopt continuous delivery, but the adoption has been challenging in practice. Objective: In this study, a systematic literature review is conducted to survey the faced problems when adopting continuous delivery.
The Archaeology of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls (Studies in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature) [Jodi Magness] on attheheels.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The Dead Sea Scrolls are among the most interesting and important archaeological discoveries ever made.
IMPORTANCE OF REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE • A study of related literature is an essential part of research report. • It is necessary for the researcher to understand the existing literature and to study it. • An exhaustive study of the related research helps to identify the thrust areas.
CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE The review of related literature of this study identifies how fear and interest, together with the students’ study habits can affect their performance in various subject matters, specifically, mathematics.
Given the pervasive use of screen-based media and the high prevalence of insufficient sleep among American youth and teenagers, this brief report summarizes the literature on electronic media and sleep and provides research recommendations.