Imperialism is a system where a powerful nation controls and exploits one or more colonies. Once conquered, this territory is claimed as a colony. Colonies are governed and administered by either the imperial nation, a puppet government or local collaborators. Colonies may have military or geopolitical advantages but their main purpose is economic:
Imperialism was a basic component to the conquests of Genghis Khan during the Mongol Empireand of other war-lords. Historically recognized Muslim empires number in the dozens.
In some ways, this is such an expansion of the concept of imperialism as to be meaningless. This is more than just "foreign" music, television or film becoming popular with young people, but that popular culture changing their own expectations of life Imperialism and world war i their desire for their own country to become more like the foreign country depicted.
For example, depictions of opulent American lifestyles in the soap opera Dallas during the Cold War changed the expectations of Romanians; a more recent example is the influence of smuggled South Korean drama series in North Korea.
The importance of soft power is not lost on authoritarian regimes, fighting such influence with bans on foreign popular culture, control of the internet and unauthorised satellite dishes etc. Nor is such a usage of culture recent, as part of Roman imperialism local elites would be exposed to the benefits and luxuries of Roman culture and lifestyle, with the aim that they would then become willing participants.
Imperialism has been subject to moral or immoral censure by its critics[ which? Much more important was informal control of independent areas. Roger Louis, "In their view, historians have been mesmerized by formal empire and maps of the world with regions colored red.
The bulk of British emigration, trade, and capital went to areas outside the formal British Empire. Cabinet decisions to annex or not to annex were made, usually on the basis of political or geopolitical considerations. At first planners expected that colonies would provide an excellent captive market for manufactured items.
Apart from India, this was seldom true. By the s, imperialists saw the economic benefit primarily in the production of inexpensive raw materials to feed the domestic manufacturing sector.
Overall, Great Britain did very well in terms of profits from India, but not from most of the rest of its empire. The Netherlands did very well in the East Indies.
Germany and Italy got very little trade or raw materials from their empires.
France did slightly better. The Belgian Congo was notoriously profitable when it was a capitalistic rubber plantation owned and operated by King Leopold II as a private enterprise.
However, scandal after scandal regarding very badly mistreated labour led the international community to force the government of Belgium to take it over inand it became much less profitable.
The Philippines cost the United States much more than expected because of military action against rebels. The colonization of India in the midth century offers an example of this focus: The second expansion of Europe was a complex historical process in which political, social and emotional forces in Europe and on the periphery were more influential than calculated imperialism.
Individual colonies might serve an economic purpose; collectively no empire had any definable function, economic or otherwise. Empires represented only a particular phase in the ever-changing relationship of Europe with the rest of the world: To obtain raw materials, Europe expanded imports from other countries and from the colonies.
European industrialists sought raw materials such as dyes, cotton, vegetable oils, and metal ores from overseas. Concurrently, industrialization was quickly making Europe the center of manufacturing and economic growth, driving resource needs.
With the invention of railroads and telegraphs, it became easier to communicate with other countries and to extend the administrative control of a home nation over its colonies.
Steam railroads and steam-driven ocean shipping made possible the fast, cheap transport of massive amounts of goods to and from colonies. European chemists made new explosives that made artillery much more deadly.
By the s, the machine gun had become a reliable battlefield weapon. This technology gave European armies an advantage over their opponents, as armies in less-developed countries were still fighting with arrows, swords, and leather shields e.
The term imperialism was originally introduced into English in its present sense in the late s by opponents of the allegedly aggressive and ostentatious imperial policies of British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli.
Supporters of "imperialism" such as Joseph Chamberlain quickly appropriated the concept.Inequality, Imperialism, and the First World War Posted on January 3, by Branko Milanovic Branko Milanovic on his new paper with Thomas Hauner and Suresh Naidu exploring inequality prior to World War I and providing empirical support for the classical theory of imperialism.
American imperialism is a policy aimed at extending the political, economic, In the case of Okinawa, which came under U.S. administration after the Battle of Okinawa during the Second World War, this happened despite local popular opinion.
A satirical representation of Spanish imperialism in central and South America. Imperialism and imperial rivalry provided both a cause and context for World War I.
Imperialism is a system where a powerful nation controls and exploits one or more colonies. Imperialism in World War 1 Imperialism was one of the four contributing factors to the cause of World War One, along with secret alliances, militarism, and nationalism.
It is the most important cause of WW1, because it created a build-up of tension in Europe and outside of Europe, and through imperialism, the three other causes were able to.
Branko Milanovic on his new paper with Thomas Hauner and Suresh Naidu exploring inequality prior to World War I and providing empirical support for the classical theory of imperialism.
World War I was probably the most momentous historical event in the past years, arguably even laying the roots for the Great Depression and World War II.
Imperialism: A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire .