Etymology[ edit ] John LockeBritish philosopher active in the 17th century The origin of the modern concept of consciousness is often attributed to John Locke 's Essay Concerning Human Understandingpublished in
The first two questions face anyone who cares to distinguish the real from the unreal and the true from the false. The third question faces anyone who makes any decisions at all, and even not deciding is itself a decision. Thus all persons practice philosophy whether they know it or not.
Autocosmic Answers What is existing? Reality consists ultimately of matter and energy and their fundamentally lawlike and unwilled relations in space-time.
To exist is to have a causal relationship with the rest of the universe. The universe is the maximal set of circumstances that includes this statement and no subset of which is causally unrelated to the remainder.
Humans do not know why the universe exists or what it is for. The universe operates without supernatural intervention and according to lawlike regularities that can be understood through empirical investigation and without special intuition.
Humans have no credible evidence of any supernatural agency or unity. Humans have no credible evidence that any minds enjoy eternal existence. Knowledge is justified true belief.
Truth is logical and parsimonious consistency with evidence and with other truth. Meaning is the context-sensitive connotation ultimately established by relevant denotation and use.
All synthetic propositions including this one can only be known from experience and are subject to doubt. A synthetic statement is propositionally meaningless if it is in principle neither falsifiable nor verifiable. A mind is any volition al conscious faculty for perception and cognition. Minds and ideas consist ultimately of matter.
Mental states are functional states consisting of causal relations among components for processing information. Consciousness is awareness of self and environment.
Intelligence is the ability to make, test, and apply inductions about perceptions of self and world. There are no forms of reasoning or kinds of knowledge that are in principle inaccessible to regular intelligence. As autonomous living intellects, we persons value intelligence and life and the autonomy they need to flourish.
A person is any intelligen t being with significant volitional control over how it affects other beings. All persons have the right to life and liberty. All beings have the right not to suffer torture or extinction.
Liberty is volition in the absence of aggression. Coercion is compulsion of one person by another through force or threat of aggression.
Justice is the minimization, reversal and punishment of aggression. The purpose of the state is to effect justice, provide aid and sustenance to persons in mortal danger, protect species in danger of extinction, and prevent torture. Autocosmology is a synthesis of metaphysical naturalismontological materialismepistemological empiricism and positivismmental functionalismtheological atheismaxiological extropianismpolitical libertarianismeconomic capitalismconstitutional federalismbiological evolutionismevolutionary psychology, and technological optimism.
Autocosmology is the worldview asserted by this text. Faith is belief based on revelation and exempt from doubt. Mysticism is belief based on private and direct experience of ultimate reality.
Skepticism is belief that is always subject to doubt and justified through objective verification. Cynicism is the absence of belief. Faith is the most common mode of belief in the Western world, where the Abrahamic religions are prevalent.
Mysticism is the most common mode of belief in the Eastern world.
Skepticism is practiced worldwide with varying amounts of rigor by the minority of thinkers who have been influenced more by science than by tradition.Absorbent Mind essay Absorbent Mind Mind- “The human consciousness that originate in the brain & is manifested especially in thought, perception, emotion, will, memory & imagination.
The collective conscious and unconscious process in a sentiment organism that . Hypnosis is considered to work by altering the level/state of consciousness of the client through switching the left hand side of the brain off, while the right hand side of the brain is turned on.
The conscious control of the mind is inhibited and the subconscious mind is woken. Every human alive has a shadow or a kind of mind virus (also called wetiko) which sets up our external life situations while hiding within. The Coddling of the American Mind.
In the name of emotional well-being, college students are increasingly demanding protection from words and ideas they don’t like. Once upon a time, in a land far away, there was a ten-year boy whose mother (a police officer who had previously worked as a prison guard) took him to a children’s shelter and abandoned him there.
Many students of the mind have observed that consciousness—as a word or as a concept—is a placeholder, a suitcase word for multiple processes in our brains. Those processes are systems in our brains that are made of physical matter; they chug away, following physical laws, to generate our felt state, our subjective sense of life.