Charles Horton Cooley August 17, - May 7, "There is nothing less to our credit than our neglect of the foreigner and his children, unless it be the arrogance most of us betray when we set out to 'Americanize' him. Young Cooley was somewhat of a withdrawn, passive child. He felt intimidated and alienated by his successful father, a characteristic that haunted him for the rest of his life. Cooley attended the public schools of Ann Arbor and graduated high school in
How Our Self-image is Shaped by Society By Joachim Vogt Isaksen Do you sometimes experience that the mere presence of other people leads to feelings of discomfort and tension?
When not knowing exactly what other people think of you it may lead to self-doubt and feelings of insecurity. According to the American sociologist Charles Horton Cooleythe degree of personal insecurity you display in social situations is determined by what you believe other people think of you.
The view of ourselves comes from the contemplation of personal qualities and impressions of how others perceive us. Actually, how we see ourselves does not come from who we really are, but rather from how we believe others see us. The main point is that people shape their self-concepts based on their understanding of how others perceive them.
We form our self-image as the reflections of the response and evaluations of others in our environment. As children we were treated in a variety of ways. If parents, relatives and other important people look at a child as smart, they will tend to raise him with certain types of expectations.
As a consequence the child will eventually believe that he is a smart person. This is a process that continues when we grow up. For instanse, if you believe that your closest friends look at you as some kind of superhero, you are likely to project that self-image, regardless of whether this has anything to do with reality.
The concept of the looking glass-self theory constitutes the cornerstone of the sociological theory of socialization. According to Cooley, this process has three steps.
First, we imagine how we appear to another person. Sometimes this imagination is correct, but may also be wrong since it is merely based on our assumptions. Second, we imagine what judgments people make of us based on our appearance.
Lastly, we imagine how the person feels about us, based on the judgments made of us. The ultimate result is that we often change our behavior based on how we feel people perceive us. So how can we, or anyone else, know who we really are?
All people want to be liked and be appreciated for talents or personality.
Sometimes, others evaluations mean more to us than our own. We are not consciously aware that we often try to conform to the image that we imagine other people expect from us. If a person develops a negative self-image the self-esteem will tend to be low. Low self esteem and poor self-image has long been associated with a whole range of psychological problems, and it is necessary to counter the passive individual that depends heavily on the social world for building self-image.
Hence, we should develop a self-image that is more based on our own evaluations rather than how we believe others look at us. The concept of the looking glass self offers insight not only into our own thinking, but also to how we form our identity based on how others see us.
As long as we are interacting with others we are vulnerable for changing our own self-image, a process that will continue throughout our lives. Further reading Cooley, Charles Horton On Self and Social Organization. University Of Chicago Press.Cooley, Charles H.
WORKS BY COOLEY. SUPPLEMENTARY BIBLIOGRAPHY. Charles Horton Cooley (–), American sociologist, was born in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and spent almost his entire life attheheels.com father, Thomas Mclntyre Cooley, was the first dean of the University of Michigan Law School, a justice of the Michigan Supreme Court, first chairman of the Interstate Commerce Commission, and .
Since putting out his first book: Eye of the Moonrat in May of , Trevor H. Cooley has sold over , copies of his books through Kindle and Audible. Charles Horton Cooley was born August 17, in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
He graduated from the University of Michigan in and returned one year later to study political economics and sociology. According to the American sociologist Charles Horton Cooley (), the degree of personal insecurity you display in social situations is determined by what you believe other people think of you.
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