The capitalists look at any weakness in Cuba as an opportunity to attack, weaken or subvert the Cuban Revolution and the cause of socialism. We seek to promote a militant defense of Cuba and socialism.
Meanwhile, he ordered an immediate drop in public sector energy use, with consequent working-hour reductions for state employees, and warned of possible blackouts, raising the specter of the dark and hungry days of the Special Period of the nineties.
In the political realm, this has meant a relaxation of state control over the citizenry. In the economic realm, the government has implemented a modest and contradictory strategy.
Cuba’s universally literate population, among the most highly educated in the Caribbean, is likewise well placed to benefit from an increase in economic development that a Chinese partnership when paired with a domestic market socialist system can achieve. Socialism Essay Examples. 87 total results. A Reaction to Albert Einstein's Comments on Socialism. words. An Analysis and an Introduction to Cuba and Its Socialism. 2, words. 6 pages. The Difference Between Socialism and Capitalism. words. An Introduction to the Analysis of Human Biodiversity. Cuba and its neighbour countries are the islands which formed by two of Earth's tectonic plates collided million years ago. Cuba is a long and narrow island, and the country stretches kilometers from east to west, but is .
The government now allows self-employment in few occupations a little over two hundred. Had it opened it up for the whole economy — reserving only those sectors regarded as high social priorities, like medicine — the reform would increase available products and services.
In addition, the bureaucratic and inefficient Acopio — the state agency with the monopoly power to buy most agricultural products at prices established by the government — has slowed agricultural production. As a result, harvested produce has spoiled while waiting to be processed at government plants.
But there is a feasible alternative for the country. No Recovery Until this new crisis, the Cuban economy had partially bounced back after the worst years of the Special Period, which devastated the country in the wake of the collapse of the Soviet bloc in the late eighties and early nineties.
The country hit bottom between andwhen extreme food shortages led to an outbreak of an optical neuropathy epidemic that affected some fifty thousand people. Meanwhile, social spending is still falling, and family consumption is expected to decline 2.
Although the hunger of the early nineties is gone, Cubans still struggle to find enough food. The much-praised development of organic and urban agriculture on the island represents a relatively small part of agricultural production.
As Cuban economist C. In addition, numerous school buildings, libraries, and laboratories are crumbling. The same applies to many hospitals and other medical facilities, which now operate with skeleton crews: This group covers a wide spectrum, ranging from a hard free-market stance to a more social-democratic welfare state perspective.
Yet hardly any of these critics have openly addressed the question of what to do with the most important part of the Cuban economy, the larger state-owned enterprises. Today, all Cubans, regardless of income, can receive a number of products at low, subsidized prices.
Finally, they imply that the state monopoly of foreign trade should end, and Cubans should be free to import all they can afford from abroad.
Interestingly, they never mention democratic planning or coordination among economic sectors. As a result, their version of worker self-management would create an economy of self-sufficient firms in competition with each other.
This market socialism was locally self-managed, but regionally and nationally controlled by the League of Communists. It did increase worker input, decision-making, and productivity at the local level but, because of its competitive and unplanned nature, also created unemployment, sharp trade cycles, pay inequality, and notable regional disparities that favored the northern republics.
Workers felt no reason to support investment in other enterprises, particularly those located far away. In the last analysis, as Catherine Samary points out in Yugoslavia DismemberedYugoslavian self-management could not confront either the bureaucratic plan or the market.
The s was the last decade of growth.
The Yugoslav model is a fraught one to emulate in Cuban, then. There are other voices on the critical left that reject any concession to private enterprise and capital on the grounds that capitalist enterprise by definition contradicts socialism. But they have been unable to answer the critical question of how a socialist and democratic Cuba could emerge from poverty and economic stagnation without concessions of any kind.
What is Possible A growing number of Cubans on and off the island, see socialism — whether democratic or authoritarian — as an impossibility. A diminishing number of Cubans still regard it as either desirable or likely.
This view derives from a specific application of the general Marxist theory that rejects the possibility of socialism in one countryparticularly when that country is economically underdeveloped and exists in a capitalist world currently unthreatened by socialist revolutions.
This does not mean, however, that Cuba should abandon socialism. Instead, critics must think in terms of a transitional economy, a holding operation that can realistically be implemented until an international situation more favorable to socialism develops.
Classical Marxist political economy provides a model for what that possible holding pattern could be. This theory recognizes the greater role that individual, family, and small-scale production and distribution play in less-developed economies like Cuba.
Utopian and ScientificFriedrich Engels distinguishes between modern capitalism — where production is a social act, but the social product is appropriated and controlled by individual capitalists — and socialism — where both production and its appropriation are socialized.
Following this distinction, the productive property requiring collective work becomes the proper object of socialization, leaving aside individual and family production as well as personal property. A transitional economy in Cuba would therefore allow for small, productive private property.
This accommodation derives from a fundamental Marxist analysis of capitalism, not an opportunistic adaptation to liberal, free-market politics. The government would strive, through its knowledge of market conditions and adequate economic forecasts, towards harmonizing the state and self-employed economy according to a definite plan.
Economic Obstacles But we must first honestly assess the Cuban economy, which, even before a reduction in Venezuelan oil shipments provoked the current crisis, had been in a marked state of deterioration.
For one thing, its all-encompassing public sector is floundering. This would mark the first year of negative growth in the last quarter century.Building Socialism in Cuba. By Samuel Farber. In the last analysis, as Catherine Samary points out in Yugoslavia Dismembered, Yugoslavian self-management could not confront either the bureaucratic plan or the market.
The s was the last decade of growth. One answer to this problem would be the introduction of a sliding scale where. The socialist revolution in Cuba is almost as important a conquest for the world working class as the Russian Revolution of October The fact that it took place in a small island nation with a population of only 11 million does not diminish its importance.
Cuba is a living example of how socialism hasn’t kept its promises; rather, it has achieved the exact opposite of what it previously offered. Let’s analyze this in Cuba. Still, it is necessary for the socialist and communist movement to possess its own independent view and to vigorously promote that view to counter the anti-communist interpretations and analysis of the imperialist establishment.
A Marxist analysis of Cuba philahistory / August 12, The text below consists of major excerpts from a resolution, “Death Agony of World Capitalism and the Crisis of Proletarian Leadership” that was approved by Socialist Action’s national convention in August Building Socialism in Cuba.
By Samuel Farber. In the last analysis, as Catherine Samary points out in Yugoslavia Dismembered, Yugoslavian self-management could not confront either the bureaucratic plan or the market. The s was the last decade of growth. One answer to this problem would be the introduction of a sliding scale .