A comparison of christian and hindu approaches to war and peace

However, pacifism does have strong grounding in the storyline of the Bible. Pacifism is in fact the original or default position of Christianity.

A comparison of christian and hindu approaches to war and peace

As many as kingdoms are thought by historians to have been in existence simultaneously at various phases of Indian history. To maintain peace among kingdoms, governance through the principles of dharma helped ensure social stability.

Hindu empires included the Gupta in the north — CE and Vijayanagara in the south — Peace within the Hindu kingdoms was also disrupted when Central Asians or Europeans invaded and sought to replace Hindu traditions with their own faith, Islamic or Christian. The Sikh religion, founded by Guru Nanak — in the Punjab, developed a militaristic tradition starting with its tenth leader, Guru Gobind Singh — Christianity entered South India in the decades immediately following the death of Christ, gaining followers in some areas.

A small number of individuals converted to Christianity during the European incursions — Violence of various forms has arisen among religious faiths in India, pitting Hindu against Muslim, Muslim against Sikh, Sikh against Hindu, and most recently, Hindu against Christian. The ideal of peace was advocated by many faiths within India, particularly the Jainas, who continue to observe a personal commitment to nonviolence.

Their model helped to inspire Mahatma Gandhi as he developed a political movement based on nonviolence and truth. In this article, readers will be able to find information on ancient, medieval, colonial, postcolonial, and contemporary India. General Overviews These resources include summary narratives of peace and conflict in India from ancient times to the present.

Larson focuses on the aftermath of partition. SarDesai gives an overview of Indian history up to the present. Smith specializes in the premodern and colonial eras.

Robb condenses this material into an accessible format. Thapar and Spear give a detailed history up to the time of independence.

State University of New York Press, He traces the history of earlier conflicts in India between Muslims and Hindus and narrates how the British inflamed passions during the Sepoy Rebellion of He provides a measured assessment of the development of the Hindu nationalist movement.

Other Subject Areas

A History of India. This concise overview covers the major eras of Indian history, with a focus on politics and economics.

Includes a selective bibliography. The Oxford History of India, 3d ed. Edited by Percival Spear.

A comparison of christian and hindu approaches to war and peace

This comprehensive history, frequently reprinted, includes a comprehensive account of the various times of war and peace in the Indian subcontinent. Though told from the British colonial perspective, its exhaustive treatment merits attention.

Thapar, Romila, and Percival Spear.


It predates the discussion of works calling the Aryan invasion into question and does not include post-Nehru developments such as the rise of the Bharata Janata Parishad BJP. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page.

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Hinduism on Peace and Violence The subject of violence has engaged the best minds in India's religious history. Although Mohandas K. Gandhi has made non-violence synonymous with Hinduism, the tradition has long recognized legitimacy of violence under some circumstances. A Separate Peace Essays - A Separate Peace3 A Separate Peace is a coming-of-age novel about two boys at boarding school and their friendship during World War II.

For example, in the first of two chapters on the ethics of war, Mathewes concludes that, “like Judaism and Christianity, Islam possesses a scriptural heritage that seems decidedly of two minds when it comes to thinking about the propriety and proper limits of war” ().

to peace, that God prohibits killing even in a just cause, without exception, that the weapons of the Christian were prayer, justice and suffering." (Ferguson p) Martyrdom in its nature nourishes sects, along with the nature of Pacifism being entirely opposite to the Roman way, Christianity spread rapidly across the land.

Hinduism on Peace and Violence